Earthquake: What Is It and How to Stay Safe

Earthquake: What Is It and How to Stay Safe

Earthquakes are natural tragedies that happen when huge amounts of energy are released when tectonic plates below the Earth’s surface move. Seismic events like these can destroy a lot of property and even kill people. It is very important to know how to stay safe during an earthquake so that you can protect yourself and lower the risks that come with these strong natural events.

How to Understand Earthquakes

An earthquake happens when there is a quick release of energy in the Earth’s crust. This creates seismic waves that shake the ground. The Richter scale goes from very small tremors to very large, damaging events. It shows how strong an earthquake is. Because earthquakes can happen at any time, it’s important to be ready and know what to do in case of an emergency.

How to Stay Safe During an Earthquake

When an earthquake hits, your first reaction is to get safe. Drop, cover, and hold on. Get down on the ground, hide under a strong piece of furniture, and hold on until the shaking stops. If you can’t find any furniture to hide behind, crouch against a wall inside and cover your head and neck.

Stay Inside: If you are inside during an earthquake, stay inside until the shaking stops. Stay away from glass, windows, and chairs that could fall over. Please stay away from entrances because they don’t offer much safety. For safety, if you are in a tall building, hide against a wall on the lower floors.

Leave if You Have to:

  • If you are in a building that has a lot of damage or if you are told to leave, do so safely and quietly.
  • As you leave, watch out for falling objects or other dangers.
  • If you live in an area that is likely to have earthquakes, learn how to get out of the area and where safe places are to meet.

Outdoor Safety:

  • If you are outside during an earthquake, stay away from buildings, power lines, and anything else that could fall on you.
  • Get to a place that is open and not near any buildings.
  • Stay there until the shaking stops.

Be Ready:

  • Put together an emergency kit with things you might need, like food, water, a first aid kit, flashlights, batteries, a small radio, and a whistle.
  • Keep important papers in a safe place that is easy to get to.
  • Hold regular earthquake drills with your family or coworkers to get used to the safety steps you need to take.

After an Earthquake

Check for Injuries: Once the shaking stops, look for injuries on yourself and anyone else. Give first aid if needed, or get medical help if the injuries are serious.

Check Out Your Environment: Look around you for any dangers, such as broken buildings, gas leaks, or power lines that have been knocked down. Turn off the gas source and call the right people right away if you think there is a gas leak.

Talk to People and Stay Informed: Use your cell phone to call your family and friends and let them know you’re okay. For updates and instructions from the government, listen to the local news, emergency radio, or official social media outlets.


When they happen, earthquakes can be very dangerous and cause a lot of damage. By knowing how to stay safe during an earthquake and being ready for them, we can lower the risks that come with them. Remember to stay cool, drop, cover, and hold on while it’s shaking, and do what the safety rules say. Getting educated and practicing emergency drills can make a big difference in making sure that people and communities are safe and healthy during an earthquake.


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